Facts about Antarctica

  1. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer was the first to reach the South Pole.
  2. The total area of Antarctica is about 14 million square kilometers.
  3. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent of all.
  4. Antarctica has the largest land covered with ice; about 90% of the world’s ice is concentrated here.
  5. 99% of Antarctica is covered by ice.
  6. Antarctica was discovered in 1820.
  7. Antarctica is 1.3 times bigger than Europe.
  8. Antarctica is in the southern hemisphere, so all the seasons are opposite of north.
  9. If Antarctica was not covered with ice, then the height of the continent would be only 410 meters.
  10. Antarctica is the windiest continent; in some part of the continent, winds can reach the speed of 320km/h.
  11. Antarctica is driest, highest and coldest place on the planet.
  12. The lowest temperature was recorded -89.6 degree Celsius at Vostok Station.
  13. 5 degree Celsius is the highest temperature ever recorded on Antarctica.
  14. To work in Antarctica it is necessary that your wisdom tooth and appendix is removed.
  15. The average thickness of ice sheet is 2133 meters.
  16. There are no flying insects in Antarctica due to the wind.
  17. Antarctica is the only continent with no time zone.
  18. No country owns Antarctica.
  19. There are no permanent residents on Antarctica.
  20. The ice sheet is about 20 million years old.
  21. Lake Vostok is freshwater lake buried beneath the ice of Antarctica.
  22. The highest point of Antarctica is the Vinson Massif at 4,987 meters.
  23. There are no land mammals on Antarctica continent.
  24. Antarctica has the flag of its own.
  25. Since 1980, Antarctica is open to tourists.
  26. Antarctica is the only place on the earth where the emperor penguins live.
  27. If ice of Antarctica will melt then the level of oceans will increase by 60 meters.
  28. The temporary population of Antarctica is about 4,000 people.
  29. There are no polar bears on Antarctica.
  30. The cleanest sea in the world is in Antarctica, the transparency of water allows you to see objects at a depth of 80 meters.
  31. The fishes of Antarctica don’t have hemoglobin, their blood has another substance that acts as antifreeze.
  32. There are rivers in the Antarctica. The most famous is Onyx River, it flows for only 2 months of summers.
  33. Emilio Marcos Palma was the first Argentinian man born on Antarctica, in 1978.
  34. In Antarctica, you can go through all 24 time zones in a few seconds.
  35. Lake Vostok was hidden from humanity for 14,000,000 years
  36. Antarctica is the only continent on which there are no native species of ants.
  37. 40 000 tourists visit Antarctica annually.
  38. There are no countries in Antarctica, it is governed by international Treaty.
  39. In Antarctica there are no trees, there grows only 2 types of flowers- Antarctic hair grass and Antarctic pearlwort.
  40. An Antarctic blue whale consumes about 4 million shrimp in one day.
  41. Along the coast of Antarctica, there are often found wrecked ships.
  42. The largest ozone hole is above Antarctica.
  43. The largest iceberg on the planet is located in the waters of Antarctica.
  44. Since 1991, mining operations have been banned in Antarctica.
  45. The continent has its own domain name and a unique telephone code.
  46. 53 million years ago palm trees used to grow along the bank of Antarctica.
  47. Metallica was the first band to perform on Antarctica.
  48. In Antarctica, there is a fire station and there is a staff work on it.
  49. There are 1150 different species of fungi grow in Antarctica.
  50. A military installation, nuclear power plant installation, mining is strictly prohibited.
  51. Some part of the continent did not receive any rainfall or snowfall for the last 2 million years.
  52. In the ice of Antarctica, new bacteria unknown to modern science were discovered.
  53. The world’s oldest sperm is discovered in Antarctica. Fossilized spermatozoa found inside the wall of a 50 million years old clitellate cocoon.
  54. There are 300 lakes beneath Antarctica.
  55. There were many abandon places in Antarctica but now it is a tourist attraction.
  56. 90% of meteorites come from Antarctica.
  57. The Trans antarctic Mountains is among the world’s longest mountain range. It divides the continent into east and west part.
  58. There is a waterfall in Antarctica, the water fall here is blood red in color.
  59. There are at least seven churches in Antarctica.
  60. The largest ice shelf of Antarctica is Ross Ice Shelf.it covers the area of 197,000 square miles.
  61. Mount Erebus is the southernmost active volcano on the planet, is in Antarctica.
  62. On 1st December 1959, the first Antarctic treaty was signed by twelve countries. Forty-eight nations have signed it now.
  63. There are total eight working research stations on the continent.
  64. Felicity Aston was the first person to ski across Antarctica powered by human muscles. It took her 59 days to cover a distance of 1,744 kilometers.
  65. The only warm-blooded animal that remains on Antarctica throughout the winter is male Emperor Penguin.
  66. The largest iceberg broke away from Ross Ice Shelf in the year 2000. It was 270 km long and 40 km wide.
  67. In Antarctica there is even a bar owned by Ukraine, it is the most southernmost bar in the world.
  68. There are two active volcanoes on Antarctica.
  69. Fossils of herbivorous dinosaurs were discovered on the continent.
  70. The Russian research station Vostok is located in such a cold and remote area that in the winter time there is no way to reach it by airplane or ship.

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